Treatment for Spine Anatomy Disorders

The spinal anatomy is made up of various bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and highly sensitive nerves.

It enables mobility, provides structural support and balance, and protects the spinal cord, sensitive nerve roots, and various internal organs. Damage to and deterioration of the spinal cord can lead to severe back pain, weakness or complete loss of muscle function, and bowel or bladder incontinence. Spine anatomy therapy is necessary to alleviate these symptoms and prevent their progression.

Types of Spinal Cord Problems

The spinal cord is divided into four general areas:

  • Cervical (neck)
  • Lumbar (upper back region)
  • Sacral (pelvis)
  • Thoracic (lower back region)

Any of these areas can be affected by spinal cord disorders:

  • Vertebral fractures
  • Tumors
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Herniated discs
  • Hematoma
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Abscess


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Symptoms Of Spinal Anatomy Disorders

Patients with spinal problems may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Changes in reflexes
  • Intense back pain
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Loss of sensation
  • Uncontrolled muscle spasms
  • Weakness or paralysis of limbs

Causes of Spinal Cord Problems

Damage, compression, and/or inflammation in the spinal cord can be caused by the following:

  • Vitamin deficiency
  • Tumors
  • Syphilis
  • Spinal degeneration
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Herniated disks
  • Hematoma
  • Fluid-filled cavities
  • Bone fracture
  • Blockage of blood supply
  • Autoimmune diseases

Diagnosing Spinal Anatomy Disorders

A physical exam and a review of the patient’s medical history is necessary to diagnose a spinal cord disorder. Other diagnostic tests including X-rays, MRI, CT scans, myelography, and electromyogram may also help verify suspected abnormalities and determine their exact location.

Traditional Treatments

  • Medications – Doctors may prescribe corticosteroids to relieve pain in the early stages of spinal cord disorders. NSAIDs, antidepressants, antibiotics, and anticonvulsants also help reduce inflammation and offer relief from secondary complications.
  • Surgery – Surgical procedures help remove herniated disks, fragments of bones, or fractured vertebrae that may be hurting the spine.

The problem with traditional treatments is that they reportedly work only 45% of the time. And as with any medication and surgical procedures, there is always the risk of complications.


At Superior Physical Therapy, we take a safer and more effective approach to treatment. Our procedures focus on the root cause of pain to prevent future complications and deformity.

Full-body Movement Assessment
Successful healing begins with discovering the root cause of the patient’s pain. In most cases, pain in one area is only a symptom of a larger issue. In a full-body movement assessment, the source of the problem is identified by examining the movement of nearby or connected parts. This allows movement to be restored and the body to complete the healing process.

Hands-on Manual Therapy
The Superior Method employs the help of a trained therapist certified in functional manual reaction. The therapist uses their hands to facilitate proper motion, improving areas of restriction. This is similar to deep tissue massage, but it incorporates movement.

Prescriptive Home Exercise Program
The Superior Method aims to educate patients on how the body moves to safely ease pain and restore function. With our smartphone app called Movement RX, we empower patients with the knowledge and tools needed to attain long-term physical freedom. All of the instructions provided by your physician will also be video-recorded and sent directly to your email or mobile device.

Applied Functional Science
This principles-based method is designed to improve how the mind, body, and spirit work together to facilitate complete healing. All Superior Physical Therapy providers are Fellows of Applied Functional Science through the Gray Institute. This organization is led by the reputable physical therapist, Dr. Gary Gray.

Deep Muscle Stimulation
Mechanical vibrations that penetrate deep into the muscle tissue enable tissue regeneration and improve the lactic cycle, which is one of the most common causes of pain. The procedure also helps boost circulation and lymphatic flow to alleviate pain.

Dry Needling
A fast, safe, and virtually pain-free method to reduce pain and address musculoskeletal presentations. In dry needling, trigger points or local contractures are stimulated by monofilament needles.

McKenzie Therapy
The McKenzie Method® of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy® (MDT) is a distinguished and internationally researched method of diagnosis and treatment for spinal and extremity musculoskeletal conditions. Created by New Zealand Physiotherapist Robin McKenzie, this system has been used globally for over 60 years. MDT-certified clinicians assess and treat all types of musculoskeletal disorders including complications in the spine, muscles, tendons, and extremity joints.

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